KEROSENE is a petroleum product and Arena Petro Gas is in position to supply and export it directly from TABRIZ OIL REFINING - NATIONAL IRANIAN OIL COMPANY through its trading services according to the following specification and technical properties.
Kerosene is a combustible hydrocarbon liquid that is derived from petroleum. It has a wide range of uses as a fuel or solvent in various industries and applications.
some of the uses, industries, and technical specifications of kerosene are:
One of the main uses of kerosene is as a fuel for jet engines of aircraft. Kerosene has a high energy density, meaning it can provide a lot of energy per unit mass, and a low freezing point, meaning it can withstand low temperatures at high altitudes. Kerosene also has a low viscosity, meaning it can flow easily through pipes and pumps, and a high flash point, meaning it is relatively safe to store and handle. Jet fuel is a highly refined form of kerosene that meets specific standards for aviation use.
Another use of kerosene is as a cooking and lighting fuel in households, especially in parts of Asia and Africa where electricity is scarce or unreliable. Kerosene lamps and stoves can provide illumination and heat for domestic purposes. However, kerosene also has some disadvantages as a household fuel, such as producing harmful emissions, posing fire hazards, and being susceptible to adulteration.
Kerosene also use as a solvent for greases and insecticides, as well as for cleaning purposes. Kerosene can dissolve or remove oily substances, such as grease, wax, tar, paint, and dirt. It can also act as a carrier or diluent for insecticides, such as DDT, that are applied to crops or animals.
Kerosene obtains from the fractional distillation of crude oil, which is a complex mixture of hydrocarbons with different boiling points. Kerosene separates from other fractions of crude oil by heating the oil and condensing the vapours at different temperatures. The boiling range of kerosene is between 150°C and 275°C (300°F and 525°F), which corresponds to hydrocarbons with 10 to 16 carbon atoms per molecule.
The technical specifications of kerosene vary depending on its intended use and market. For example, the kerosene produced by Tabriz Oil Refining Company (TORC), which is a subsidiary of National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC), has the following specifications according to its website:
- Density at 15°C: 0.78-0.81 g/mL - Kinematic viscosity at 20°C: 1.2-1.4 mm$^2$/s - Flash point: min 38°C - Pour point: max -9°C - Distillation range: IBP min 150°C, FBP max 300°C - Aromatic content: max 25% vol - Sulfur content: max 0.2% wt - Corrosion: max No.1 - Water content: max trace