TOLUEN is a chemical product and Arena Petro Gas is in position to supply and export it directly from ESFAHAN PETROCHEMICAL through its trading services according to the following specification and technical properties.
Toluene is a chemical compound with the formula C6H5CH3, also known as methylbenzene or toluol. It is a transparent, colorless liquid with a sweet, pungent odour similar to benzene. Toluene is naturally occurring and mainly derived from petroleum or petrochemical processes. It is present in gasoline, glues, and paints.
Toluene has various uses in different industries. It is a precursor to benzene and xylene, which are important aromatic hydrocarbons for the production of plastics, synthetic fibers, and solvents. Toluene can also be nitrated to form trinitrotoluene (TNT), a powerful explosive, also it can also be oxidized to form benzoic acid, which is used as a food preservative and a precursor to saccharin, a synthetic sweetener.in addition, it uses as a solvent for paints, coatings, adhesives, rubber, and printing ink. Toluene can also be used as a fuel additive to improve octane rating and reduce engine knocking.
The technical specifications of toluene vary depending on the source and the purity. According to the Esfahan Petrochemical Company, which produces toluene from naphtha reforming, the specifications of their product are as follows:
- Density at 20°C: 0.865-0.870 g/mL
- Purity: min 99.5% by volume
- Benzene content: max 0.1% by volume
- Non-aromatics content: max 0.5% by volume
- Sulphur content: max 1 ppm by weight
- Water content: max 100 ppm by weight
- Colour: max 10 Hazen units
- Distillation range: 110-112°C